Of all the societies of the ancient world, the Minoans were probably the most affluent. The Greeks celebrated this age in the poems of Homer and in the oral tradition prevalent before the Greeks learned how to read and write from the Phoenicians. It's my opinion that the Myceanean culture, that was created on the ashes of the volcanic eruption that destroyed, not only Thera, but the Minoan Crete and the Egyptian cities, was influenced by the culture that existed on the Greek island, today's Santorini, which, I believe, it was the culture that influenced the Minoan, the Egyptian, and Plato's imagination! to 14th century B.C. Greece is famous for its incredible art and stunning architecture, but did you know that this architecture was not original to the ancient Greeks? A. the spread of Greek ideas around the ancient world B. the creation of a new empire C. the division of the empire among his generals D. Macedonian The Mycenaeans came to dominate most of mainland Greece and several islands, extending trade relations to other Bronze Age cultures in such places as Cyprus, the Levant, and Egypt. Spectator sports were highly popular, especially boxing and a curious gymnastic we call bull-jumping. The Mycenaeans traded with Crete; Minoan objects have been found in the famous royal tombs at Mycenae that perhaps span the century from 1600 to 1500 B.C. Originating in the late Mycenaean period, the Greek epic outlasted the downfall of the typically heroic-age culture (c. 1100 bce) and maintained itself through the “Dark Age” to reach a climax in the Homeric poems by the close of the Geometric period (900–750 bce). Although this labyrinth was in complete ruins by the time of the Victorian Egyptologist, it was described by Strabo (Book XVII, I, 37 Bohn) and by Herodotus 448 BCE. The Mycenaeans had a syllabic script we now call Linear B because there is evidence that it developed from Minoan writing. Although it is well accepted that the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures were the primogenitors of the Greeks, they are also linked to the continuous cultural and linguistic streams of Ancient Egypt. A tidal wave was launched that destroyed much of the northern coast of Crete that may have included the governing structure at Knossos. Destruction. The connection between the fall of the Mycenaean civilization, the Trojan War and the rise of Israel (or the possibility that the Philistines were perhaps responsible for the decline of the Canaanites) is seldom mentioned. During the Trojan War, Ethiopians (black people) may have lived in the vicinity of Troy. The Island of Crete has a very moderate climate and the soil is fertile. When studying the history of Greece, a clear migration pattern from the Minoans to the Mycenaeans to the Greeks is readily apparent. Toward the end of the New Kingdom, Egypt’s influence and interest in the Levant waned, which created a vacuum of power in the region. Evans was not a professional scholar, however, like Schliemann, he was guided by the Greek tradition of recording the history of Crete in their legends. However, in reviewing the history of Greece, we find another cord that freed them from their maze of ignorance and brought civilization to Europe. For the next several hundred years, Greece fell into a period called the Greek Dark Age. The religious element is difficult to identify in Mycenaean civilization, especially as regards archaeological sites, where it remains problematic to pick out a place of worship with certainty. Known as . Answer: Minoan cultures influenced Mycenaean culture. … The most active years of the Early Mycenaean Age are those from Egypt’s New Kingdom from the rise of Thutmose III to the end of Amenhotep III about 1380 BCE. Palaces were filled with hundreds of rooms. Historians and scholars have often pondered if the legends delineated in Homer’s two epic poems were myth masqueraded as history or true events. We often start our history of Greece with Homer, Hesiod (c. 750 BCE) and the Archaic period (800–500 BCE). Mycenaean Greece (or the Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.It represents the first advanced and distinctively Greek civilization in mainland Greece with its palatial states, urban organization, works of art, and writing system. Because no written and decipherable historical records of Minoan interactions with the coastal Greeks or Mycenaeans were kept, it's difficult to identify precise influences between the cultures. They built citadels and fortresses centered on the city of Mycenae on the Peloponesian Peninsula. One of the more important clues regarding this disposition to violence or otherwise lies in the architecture of the two civilizations. However, it took on a flavor all its own. Fought the Trojans at Troy in the . The Minoans and Mycenaean civilizations both resided in present-day Greece, while the Minoans based their civilization on the island of Crete, and the Mycenaeans on mainland Greece. They built large trade ships and traveled to places like Egypt where they traded goods like olive oil and wine for metals and ivory. This is different than art in Egypt or Mesopotamia where rulers were set on memorializing themselves through art and statuary, and priests of depicting gods and ceremonies. Which sentences describes a cycle of dependency? There is perhaps a nexus between the Mycenean myths told by the Greeks, the stories in the Bible and history as recorded by the Egyptians. Moreover, according to Greek myths, the founders of Mycenae were the progeny of Princess Andromeda who was the daughter of an Ethiopian king. Sea traders- passed on Minoan, egyptian, and Mesopotamian influences. This spurred a growing and relatively affluent population. the Minoans developed the first civilization to arise in Europe. Before the rise of Mycenaean civilization in mainland Greece, Minoan civilization flourished on the large island of Crete. They imitated the Minoans, especially in their trading activities. There is also evidence that strongly suggests that the denizens on the island of Crete may have been in contact with the Egyptians as early as the Old Kingdom. It is during these travels that the Minoans came in contact with the Mycenaeans on the mainland. Their language was not Indo-European so they likely had not come from the north or north-west. Mycenaean culture included elaborate burial practices, but only for the wealthy aristocracy. It was natural, like other subsequent island nations, that they should become heavily engaged in trade overseas. One of the most prominent legends of the Greeks is about their hero Theseus who tied a cord to the entrance of the Cretan labyrinth and encountered the flesh-eating Minotaur in the middle of the labyrinth and slew him; thereby, freeing his fellow Greeks from the tribute of flesh demanded by the king of Crete. Perhaps there was increased fighting among the Mycenaean cities, or perhaps there was a foreign invasion from the north of Greece. They were the Minoans on the island of Crete and Mycenae on the mainland. There has been a tendency to draw a distinct line between the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures, from which the Greek culture originated, and Ancient Egypt. The second: The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence (1991) and the last: The Linguistic Evidence (2006), In addition to these three volumes he wrote, Black Athena Writes Back (2001), which was a response to his critics. Yet the Mycenaeans went one … It is believed by most historians that the Trojans were not Greeks, but vassals of the Hittites to the east of modern-day Turkey. “To Troy no hero came of nobler line; Or if of nobler, Memnon it was thine.” [Odyssey Book XI] So much so that centuries later, the twin statues of pharaoh Amenhotep III located in Egypt were named the Colossus of Memnon by the Greeks. There is no doubt that Greece is the cornerstone of the Western world and there is also no doubt that the Greek accomplishments were significant. Even so, the island is situated fairly close to Egypt, and their trading activities certainly would have exposed them to Egyptian culture. There were other Mycenaean cities that grew into major city-states during the height of Ancient Greece such as Thebes and Athens. Perhaps the most famous record of the Mycenaeans was their siege of the city of Troy, recorded by Homer in his two great epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey. Nestor, Achilles, Ajax, Agamemnon, Ulusses, Jason, Hercules, Aineias and so many other heroes and kings belong to that period of greek pre-history that … Influenced Greek . Mycenae | The collapse of Mycenae around 1200 was the end of the age of Greek legend. However, Egypt’s conservatism can serve as a link between the evolution and cultural diffusion of its great empire — to the rising age of the Greeks. The Mycenaeans were able to take land by force in the Aegean region, but they eventually expanded their influence directly to Anatolia and Egypt through trade, incorporating their culture into the Bronze Age sy… The Mycenaean Civilization: Bronze Age Greece. They imitated the Minoans, especially in their trading activities. The myth of Theseus’ cord may be an allegory for the triumph of the mainland Mycenaean Greeks over the Minoans. The profundity of documents and the intricacy of palace complexes indicates that the government probably had a strong bureaucratic component. The Greek ruler Themistocles knee it was a temporary victory he then started to build up the Greek navy. Rome would later follow in the footsteps of the Greeks and bring civilization to the Western part of Europe. The Archaic period, however, was an era of transformation; and the Greeks of that period looked back to the Mycenaean era (between 1600–1200 BCE) for their history and legends. Since the Egyptians have never been maritime people, they relied on vassals such as the Phoenicians to be the conduit of their goods to what they viewed as the frontier. These aspects of Minoan culture were so powerful that they are reflected in curious Greek myths, including that of the Labyrinth and the Minotaur. Maybe the long war with Troy took its toll on the civilization. They may have seen something of civilization before landing on Crete. Although the legend of Troy had been around for millenniums, it was the excavation conducted by Heinrich Schliemann (1822–1890) that linked Mycenae to Troy. The Iliad and the Odyssey, however, are only two parts of an eight-part known as “the Epic Cycle” of the Trojan War that emanates from a much older oral tradition. There have been many ruins uncovered on the Island of Crete. Thus, the pillars of Western Civilization stand on the foundation laid in foreign lands millenniums before. On the island of Crete between 2000 and 1700 B.C. They also worked in the crafts and as entrepreneurs. This can be largely attributed to their trading ethos and the fact that massive resources were not used by the military, which may have been largely paid for by the trading activities of the naval vessels themselves. Something was threatening the civilization. They were the Dorians, the Aeolians, the Achaeans and the Ionians. Minoans had a great influence on the Greek mainland as well the island of the Aegean during the Second Palace Period. Ancient Egypt also had mystery plays that outdated the Minoan plays. If you subtract 430 years from 1546, it equals the year 1116 BCE which is very close to the historical date of the establishment of the state of Israel, the decline of Mycenae and the New Kingdom. Economic activity and limited size of the military brought rich rewards to every level of society.1 Even the poorest appears to have lived in multi-roomed dwellings. The word Ethiopian is the combination of two Greek words burnt and skin and thus does not only refer to a specific nation but rather to an ethnic or racial group located in other lands. C. Mycenaean culture was influenced by the Minoans. Horus was the son of the god Osiris. World History. Furthermore, the noted archeologist, Eduard Meyer, while excavating tombs in Thebes (Waset) in Upper Egypt, came upon paintings amazingly like those in the palace of Knossos. Tholos Tombs. Also recorded are noble warriors such as Memnon, the Ethiopian king, who was memorialized in art and poem. It was a great place to grow olives and grapes, commodities which were easily exportable. After this time, there was a resurgence of an independent Phoenician state that established colonies all over the Mediterranean. Also, part of Greek legend is the presence of Ethiopians at the battle of Troy and the reverence for Ethiopia during the Heroic period. The city of Byblos (which traded cedar for paper) was closely linked to papyrus, so much so that when the writings of the Hebrew prophets were translated into Greek, the city’s name, Byblos, was given to the Bible. Some theories link the King of Crete Minos to Menes (sometimes referred to as Narmer) the first Pharaoh of Egypt. Furthermore, the Middle Kingdom was the nexus between the Old Kingdom (2666–2181) that erected the pyramids and the New Kingdom (1550–1069) which further expanded Egypt’s dominance in the region. It is also interesting to note, that the collapse of the Mycenaean culture corresponds to an overall decline in the eastern Mediterranean and the first mention of the state of Israel. The megaron form would become a standard element of later Greek temples. After c. 1700 BCE, the material culture on the Greek mainland achieved a new level due to Minoan influence. In 1954 CE, Michael Ventris demonstrated that the Linear B script was a form of Greek. It began as an imitation of Egyptian culture. However, they adopted much of the culture of the resident Minoans, even using the bureaucracy to do their record keeping in the form of Linear B. The others are as follows: the Cypria, which focuses on the first nine years of the war; the Aethiopis, which focuses on Troy’s alliance with Ethiopia, the Little Iliad on the Trojan Horse, the Iliupersis, on the sack of Troy, the Nortoris, on the return of the Greek heroes and the Telegony a continuation of the Odyssey. In Meyer’s paradigm, the cultural diffusion from the Egyptians to the Minoans is more direct and pervasive. Both Minoan and Mycenaean primogenitors are princesses from foreign nations. Also significant is the profound influence that the Egyptians had over the entire Mediterranean region particularly the Levant during the Mycenaean era. the mycenaeans were influenced my the minoans culture because the mycenaeans built palaces on hilltops, just like the minoans did. 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