Lake Victoria is one of African great lakes which was named after Queen Elizabeth Victoria of England who was sent by reins of England, the lake is relatively young by 400,000years and was formed when westward flowing rivers were dammed by an up thrown crustal block. [41] Initially the population of the Nile perch was relatively low, but a drastic increase happened, peaking in the 1980s, followed by a decline starting in the 1990s.[41]. This massive lake, commonly known as Nyanza, is twice the size of Wales, and forms a natural boundary between Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Nevertheless, the natives continued to dominate fisheries until the 1970s where their decline meant that there was a strong shift towards the non-native Nile tilapia (now 7 percent of catches), non-native Nile perch (60 percent) and the native Lake Victoria sardine (30 percent). Only North America's Lake Superior is larger. The lake was named after Queen Victoria by the explorer John Hanning Speke, in his reports—the first Briton to document it. The only outflow for Lake Victoria is at Jinja, Uganda, where it forms the Victoria Nile. $3,000.00 per adult. 256pp. ", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T60318A47182908.en. The Kagera River is the largest river flowing into this lake, with its mouth on the lake's western shore. [103], The Lamadi water scheme is a water and sanitation project that serves Mwanza and the satellite towns of Lamadi, Misungwi, Magu, Bukoba, and Musoma on the bank of Lake Victoria. Cumberlidge, N. (2009). Geologically, Lake Victoria is relatively young at about 400,000 years old. As of 2016, an environmental data repository exists for Lake Victoria. The timezone in Victoria Lake is America/Cambridge_Bay Morning Sunrise at 06:51 and Evening Sunset at 16:52. [32] The Williams' mud turtle is restricted to Lake Victoria and other lakes, rivers, and swamps in the upper Nile basin. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T15457A4587658.en, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T15458A4587788.en, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T44523A84352263.en, "Description of three new species of Potamonautes MacLeay, 1838 from the Lake Victoria region in southern Uganda, East Africa (Brachyura: Potamoidea: Potamonautidae)", "The diversity of benthic molluscs of Lake Victoria and Lake Burigi", "The snails spreading fever across Africa", "Haplochromine Cichlids of Lake Victoria", "Lake Victoria Fisheries: An introduction", "Exotic introductions to the fishery of Lake Victoria: What are the management options? Njoka. The uppermost section of the Nile is generally known as the Victoria Nile until it reaches Lake Albert. The Land, the Races and their Customs, with Specimens of Some of the Dialects", "How feud wrecked the reputation of explorer who discovered Nile's source", "Origin of the Superflock of Cichlid Fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa", "Deoxygenation of the deep water of Lake Victoria, East Africa", Verhandlungen der Internationale Vereinigung für Limnologie, "Environmental and Social Management Framework-ESMF", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T60668A97125826.en, "Ancient hybridization fuels rapid cichlid fish adaptive radiations", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T185857A8492470.en, "Prevalence of disruptive selection predicts extent of species differentiation in Lake Victoria cichlids", "Two new species of zooplanktivorous haplochromine cichlids from Lake Victoria, Tanzania", "A pharyngeal jaw evolutionary innovation facilitated extinction in Lake Victoria cichlids". 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